As a civilization grows, the complexity of interactions leads to establishing leaders. Most of the people are busy with life. Thus, they are comfortable letting others help. As the community gets more complex, specialization is necessary. This leads to the departmentalization of society. We create institutions such as fire fighters, police, companies that provide needs and services. The interdependency that results from this structure requires management. The more growth the greater the layers within the community.  Leadership and management become a necessity.

People trust their leaders when they are too busy to monitor their activities. This is when things go wrong. The people suffer the consequences of incompetent or parochial interest. The problems with leadership and the lack of people involvement starts organizational deterioration. Alexander the Great said “I am not afraid of an army of lions led by a sheep; I am afraid of an army of sheep led by a lion.”